Asia Youth International Model United Nations

GLOBAL DIPLOMACY AMONGST THE SOVEREIGN NATIONS

It's Your Chance to Change

UNICEF (The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund)

Topic: International Action to Protect Children from Cyber Bullying

Council Overview:

United Nations International Children’s Fund, or widely known as UNICEF was established by United Nations General Assembly in the aftermath of World War II. The initial objective of this body was to help provide relief and support to children living in countries devastated by war.

Along with the development progress, UNICEF has shifted its mandate to not only provide assistance and help for children living in countries devastated by war, but as well as to ensure the rights of all children are fulfilled. The committee has played an important role in promoting the Convention on the Rights of Children, that now has become one of the most ratified conventions in the world. UNICEF has also widely known by its development programs that engage not only government but as well as NGO, private sector and related stakeholders with the use of media and role model in campaigning their programs.

The rise of technology brings a new dimension from the traditional bullying. If in the past, many kids are reluctant to report being bullied, even to their parents. Nowadays the bullying can be done by everyone to anyone. Children that are the users of social media are easily bullying others or become a bullyer on the internet. This year, UNICEF will discuss about providing a framework to protect children from being a victim or culprit of cyberbullying.

UNHRC (United Nations Human Rights Council)

Topic: Responding The Human Rights Violations in Hong Kong

Council Overview:

Established in 2006 by resolution A/RES/60/251, the United Nations Human Rights Council (UNHRC) is a subsidiary organ of the United Nations. The mandate of UNHRC is to strengthen and protect human rights of people in the world, the UNHRC looks into a number of important rights, such as freedom of association and assembly, freedom of expression, freedom of belief and religion, women’s rights, as well as the rights of racial and ethnic minorities. In addition, UNHRC also receives thematic and country specific reports through special procedures and from the office of the High Commissioner of Human Rights (OHCHR).

No freedom of speech, suppression to the media and publication as well the limitation of the right to vote are the issues that raised a concern in Hong Kong Government. Human rights in Hong Kong comes under the spotlight of the international community because when the citizens try to pursue their basic human rights, the government of Hong Kong pushed back harder using force causing many citizens being a victim of abuse. This year in AYIMUN, UNHRC will respond to the human rights violations that happened in Hong Kong together, the country member of UNHRC are expected to provide a solution and give an assistance to what happens in Hong Kong.

DISEC ( Disarmament and International Security Committee)

Topic: Safeguarding Cyber Space from Rebellion and Extremist Groups

Council Overview:

The third committee of the United Nations General Assembly closely investigates matters such as the advancement of women and the treatment of refugees. Through considering draft resolutions on social matters, SOCHUM seeks to improve the conditions of life for all, especially the more marginalised groups of people found in the world. The United Nations Third General Assembly relates to a range of social, humanitarian affairs and human rights issues that affect people all over the world. The committee focuses mainly on the examination of human rights questions including reports of the special procedures of the Human Rights Council which was established in 2006. The committee will hear and interact with special rapporteurs, independent experts, and chairs of working groups as mandated by the Human Rights Council. The committee also discusses various other issues such as questions relating to the advancement of women, the protection of children, indigenous issues, the treatment of refugees, the promotion of fundamental freedoms through the elimination of racism and racial discrimination, and the right to self- determination. The committee also addresses important social development questions such as issues related to youth, family, ageing, persons with disabilities, crime prevention, criminal justice and international drug control. These issues are fundamental to improving the quality of human life while preserving our social and humanitarian affairs.

FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization)

Topic: Improving FAO Roles in Food Deprivation Causes by Conflict and Sanctions

Council Overview:

The Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. Our goal is to achieve food security for all and make sure that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives.

Armed conflicts are enemies of food security. There is a well established correlation between the exposure of countries to external or internal conflicts, and the deterioration or long-term stagnation in their food security. Most conflicts, and especially the internal conflicts mainly affect rural areas and their populations. They disrupt food production through physical destruction and plundering of crops and livestock, harvests and food reserves; they prevent and discourage farming; they interrupt the lines of transportation through which food exchanges, and even humanitarian relief, take place; they destroy farm capital, conscript young and able-bodied males, taking them away from farm work and suppress income earning occupations. In AYIMUN 2020, member states will discuss about FAO’s roles in solving a food deprivation that caused by conflict and/or international sanctions.

WHO (World Health Organization)

Topic: Addressing Mental Health Issue as Indispensable International Concern

Council Overview:

The World Health Organization is an organization established by the United Nations on April 7th, 1948 with the signing of its constitution by 61-member nations in 1946. Good mental health is related to mental and psychological well-being. WHO’s work to improve the mental health of individuals and society at large includes the promotion of mental well-being, the prevention of mental disorders, the protection of human rights and the care of people affected by mental disorders.

Mental health concerns are no different from any other physical health concerns. Not only teens are reluctant in mental health issue yet, adults are also facing a mental health issue because the work and family pressure. Mental health issue should be taken seriously, that’s why AYIMUN 2020 bring this issue to be discussed and finding the best solutions to improve the mental health awareness.

SOCHUM

Topic:Combating Xenophobia and Bigotry in Sovereign Countries

Council Overview:

The primary mission of SOCHUM continues to be the preservation of human rights. This committee tirelessly works to analyze problems and create solutions for social development and humanitarian crises in order to uphold and enhance globally high standards for the protection of human rights.

Xenophobia is the anti-immigrant sentiment exhibited by host country societies towards immigrants from other cultural, ethnic, and religious backgrounds. One of the prevalent explanations of xenophobia in existing literature attributes hostility towards immigrants to the perceived competition for local social and economic resources. Xenophobia and discrimination can also be found all over the world, often working to entrench the existing societal hierarchies. Based on its mandate, SOCHUM have to ensure that each individual has the right to life, liberty, and the security of person to free of discrimination, racism and exluded from the society.

UNHCR (UN Refugee Agency)

Topic: Grants Citizenship for Stateless Persons

Council Overview:

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees is an award winning (one Nobel Peace Prize in 1954, another one in 1981) UN agency mandated to lead and coordinate international action to protect refugees and internally displaced people (IDPs). The main activities include the protection of refugees’ and IDP’s rights, emergency help through humanitarian action and durable assistance by supporting voluntary repatriation, local integration and resettlement. With currently almost 60 million forcibly displaced people worldwide, this UN Agency has doubtlessly a vast responsibility.

Statelessness is a condition where a person without nationality or not held any citizenship. Meanwhile, citizenship is a fundamental element of human security. As well as providing people with a sense of belonging and identity, it entitles the individual to the protection of the state and provides a legal basis for the exercise of many civil and political rights. People who lack a nationality may find it difficult or impossible to engage in a range of activities that citizens take for granted. In many situations, without nationality or citizenship people are hard to find employment, to make use of public services, to participate in the political process and limited to have access to the judicial system. UNHCR in AYIMUN will discuss and forming a resolutions towards statelessness in the world.

UNEP (United Nations Environment Programme)

Topic: Tackling Environmental (In)Security to Secure Food Production

Council Overview:

The United Nations Environment Programme is a United Nations agency that makes decisions and policy on global environmental issues around the world. They assess environmental trends on many levels of governance in order to influence nations to enact environmental policies that are sustainable. Overall, the UNEP seeks to create a sustainable future by addressing global environmental problems. It is the main environmental authority worldwide that sets the global environmental agenda, promotes the meaningful implementation of the sustainable development within the United Nations, and serves as an authoritative defender for the global environment. Its mission is to provide leadership and encourage others in caring for the environment by inspiring, informing, and empowering nations and people to improve their quality of life without compromising future generations.

In AYIMUN, UNEP member will create an effective solutions to tackle the environmental insecurity that threatened the food productivity within countries.

INTERPOL

Topic: Enhancing the Effectivity of Counter Terrrorism Strategy

Council Overview:

As the world’s largest international police organization consists of 190 member countries, INTERPOL (International Criminal Police Organization) holds a crucial role to enable cooperation between the police around the world to create a safer world. Interpol aims to provide and promote mutual assistance between criminal police authorities within the limits of national laws and the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.

It is insufficient for all countries to declare that terrorism in unacceptable in all its forms, but taking practical steps individually and collectively to prevent and combat it is required, as a measure to advance the counter-terrorism strategies.

Counter terrorism itself consists of the efforts to combat all terrorism activities as the global impact from terrorism is on the decline, it also shows that terrorism is still widespread, and even getting worse in some regions.

In this regard, the member countries of INTERPOL will share information on strategic tools and techniques in relation to combating terrorism besides expressing commitment to terminate terrorism and crime through mutual cooperation.