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Asia Youth International Model United Nations

It's Your Chance to Change

Double Delegates Council

The United Nations Security Council (UNSC)

Topic: World on The Verge of Arms Trade

Council Overview: Arms trade is serious issue which could bring with it implications for a variety of markets. As long impacts, it may depress the economic growth and it also causes inflation when traffics increases the prices of import. Thus, it creates another threat on human security due to so many impacts will be created. UNSC has important role to tackle this issue. UNSC is one of the six main organs of the United Nations with the primary responsibility to maintain international peace and security. Its first session was in 1946, London, and UNSC has taken permanent residence at the UN Headquarters, New York City. Its establishment followed the World War II, after the failure of the League of Nations to maintain the world’s peace. It has 15 members, with 5 countries as permanent members (China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States) and 10 non-permanent members, elected on a regional basis. Its main mandate is also to accept new members to the United Nations, establish peacekeeping operations, authorize military action. It has binding resolutions to Member States. In Asia Youth International MUN 2019, the committee will focus on how to find the best solution of arms trade issue to create human security for every nation.

ASEAN - EUROPEAN UNION

Topic: Responding to Rohingya Crisis

Council OverviewThe Rohingya conflict an ongoing conflict in northern Rakhine State, Myanmar (formerly known as Arakan, Burma), characterised by sectarian violence between the Rohingya Muslim and Rakhine Buddhist communities, attacks on Rohingya civilians by Myanmar’s security forces, and armed clashes between insurgents and security forces in Buthidaung, Maungdaw, and Rathedaung Townships, which border Bangladesh. Momentum has been building up over the last years in the ASEAN – EU relationship. This momentum should give political impact on Rohingya situations. ASEAN – EU could work together to give the best solution and initiative to solve the crisis.

Single Delegates Council

Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)

Topic: Combat Malnutrition and loss of food productivity

Council OverviewThe Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) is a specialized agency of the United Nations that leads international efforts to defeat hunger. FAO has goals to achieve food security for all and make sure that people have regular access to enough high-quality food to lead active, healthy lives. With the ever – growing population and increase of displaced people in conflict zones and natural disaster causes, food insecurity is becoming an increasing alarming issue. Without a long-term solution, there remains a dual challenge of providing assistance in ongoing complex settings and addressing emerging needs in crisis regions. So, how does the FAO respond to this food security issue? In Asia Youth International MUN 2019, the committee will discuss to find the answers and solve the issues through applicable solutions.

The United Nations Environment Program (UNEP)

Topic: Combating the use of single – use plastics and reducing the size of ‘seventh (plastic) continent’

Council OverviewClimate change is one of the greatest threats to human rights of our generation, posing a serious risk to the fundamental rights to life, health, food and an adequate standard of living of individuals and communities across the world. Each year, more than 8 million tonnes of plastic ends up in the oceans, wreaking havoc on marine wildlife, fisheries and tourism, and costing at least $8 billion in damage to marine ecosystems. Up to 80 per cent of all litter in our oceans is made of plastic. Beside that, the use of plastic in daily life create a plastic waste, the plastics emit powerful greenhouse gases as they degrade. In Asia Youth International MUN 2019, the committee of UNEP will discuss on how to reduce the use of plastic to combat climate change.

World Health Organization (WHO)

Topic: Ebola Threats to Global Health Security

Council OverviewHealth security is an important dimension of human security, as good health is both essential and instrumental to human survival, livelihood and dignity. The main goal of human security vis- à-vis health is to increase the resilience of populations living in vulnerable conditions to allow them to enjoy good health. Moreover, health is a major cause of human suffering but also has an impact on economic and social development and even domestic and international peace and security. World Health Organization (WHO) will be good platform to discuss more about this issue. WHO began when its Constitution came into force on 7 April 1948 . WHO has mission on building a better, healthier future for people all over the world. Working with 194 Member States, across six regions, and from more than 150 offices, WHO works worldwide to promote health, keep the world safe, and serve the vulnerable. WHO has goal to ensure that a billion more people have universal health coverage, to protect a billion more people from health emergencies, and provide a further billion people with better health and well-being. So, what are the international efforts in eliminating Ebola as a public health threat? The answers will be explored more through deeper discussion in this committee at Asia Youth International MUN 2019.

The United Nation Development Program (UNDP)

Topic: Support to the human security though building resilience of youth

Council Overview: Youth resilience is strongly important to avoid youth from being victims of conflict, perpetrators of violence, spoilers of potential peace, or silent beneficiaries of state decisions. Situations such as these may inhibit the normal intellectual, social, and emotional development of youth, thus interfering with them reaching their full potential as adults. Meanwhile, youth deserve to get self protection and security to develop their potential. Through UNDP, a committee which has offices in 170 countries, aiming to help and assist countries to find solutions for global and national development challenges, focusing on the local capacity. There are 3 development settings that are being focused on by UNDP: eradicate poverty in all its forms and dimensions, accelerate structural transformations, and build resilience to shocks and crises. Trying to achieve the 2030 Agenda, UNDP initiated six signature solutions which revolve around the issues of poverty, governance, resilience, environment, energy, and gender. UNDP commissions the annual Human Development Report, providing key development issues, measurement tools, innovative analysis and also proposals. In Asia Youth International Model United Nations 2019, the committee will focus on building youth resilience in order to sustain development results.

The International Organization for Migration (IOM)

Topic: Migration and human security challenge : Boat man in Mediterranean sea

Council Overview: Poverty condition has been main factor of many migrants have abandon their countries of origin. Besides, human right abuse, localized, familial and gender based conflict drive migrants to move from their countries. However, there are many obstacles for migrants to move to other countries, one of issues the world facing now is the migrants who cross Mediterranean Sea in their way to Europe. There are more than 33,000 migrants have died at sea trying to enter Europe since 2000. It will be discussed through IOM committee. IOM was founded to provide the framework for the formulation of a coherent, comprehensive, and global response to migration. Since its establishment in 1951, IOM has been comprised of 173 Member States with 8 States holding observer status with office in more than 100 countries. IOM’s work includes the orderly and humane management of migration, promote international cooperation on migration issues, provide assistance in finding the practical solutions to migration problems, and provide humanitarian assistance to migrants in need. Law and policies related to migration are also included in IOM’s mandate. As an international intergovernmental organization, IOM initiates cooperation with intergovernmental and non-governmental partners, state institutions, civil society and migrants, and other partners. There are four broad areas of migration management that IOM focuses on, which are migration and development, facilitating migration, regulating migration, and addressing forced migration. In Asia Youth International MUN 2019, the committee will discuss on how to solve the issue on migrants in Mediterranean sea. 

United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN-WOMEN)

Topic: Threats to women’s and children human security during times of war

Council OverviewMillions of children and women around the globe face terrifying threat of sexual violence in conflict every day. In times of war, they are also subjected to rape, sexual slavery or trafficking, forced marriage/pregnancy, or enforced sterilization. The issue will be discussed more through UN Women committee. The UN Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN Women) started operating since January 2011, with its headquarters taking place in New York City. Its main mandate is to lead, coordinate and promote the accountability of the United Nations system in its work on gender equality and women’s empowerment. Its main thematic areas of work include leadership and political participation, economic empowerment, ending violence against women, humanitarian action, peace and security, governance and national planning. In Asia Youth International Model United Nations 2019, the committee will discuss on how to tackle the issues and find best solution for women and children to live in peace.

The United Nations International Children's Emergency Fund (UNICEF)

Topic: The involvement of child soldiers in war

Council OverviewThe practice of using children as soldiers is the phenomenon within the context of human security. Thousands of children are serving as soldiers in armed conflicts around the world. These boys and girls, some as young as 8 years old, serve in government forces and armed opposition groups. They subjected to various political and economic pressures that provide them with little alternative than to “voluntarily” join armed forces or armed groups. They may fight on the front lines, participate in suicide missions, and act as spies, messengers, or lookouts.Therefore, it is important to address the issue and to negotiated plans regarding to such. In Asia Youth International MUN 2019, the committee will discuss about the involvement of child soldier in war.

The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)

Topic: Improving asylum processing systems

Council OverviewEstablished in 1950 after the World War II took effect, the commissioner for refugee was aimed to help millions of displaced people or victims of war who fled far away from home in order to seek safe places from the war. A year after the committee was established, the 1951 UN Convention was set as a basic principle in the work of this committee. The convention was ratified by 145 member states – ever since the UNHCR serves as the 1951 Convention portal to ensure the rights of refugees. Asylum around the world are sorted differently according to the countries they wish to be in, and with the recent natural and man-made disasters, it is time to review and to improve on the existing asylum processing system to set a new standard. Whether it may be of a religious, political or other means, asylum seekers’ treatment varies around the world, this not only means frustration and tension within the asylum seekers but also growing unrest and resentment from the citizens too. The Asia Youth International Model United Nations 2019 will bring this topic to the table as the committee will discuss “Improving asylum processing system”.

International Criminal Police Organization (INTERPOL)

Topic: Tackling the growing heroin drug trade

Council OverviewINTERPOL works to ensure that police all around the world have access to the tools and information they need for an effective job. The works also combine methods to analyze information, conduct operations, arrest criminals as many as possible. INTERPOL also has a governing body – the General Assembly in which all states member will meet annually to discuss all the major decisions affecting general policy, resources needed for international cooperation, finances and programmes activities. The drug trade and its associated crimes continue to grow in most parts of the world. Global abuse and accessibility to drugs have become increasingly widespread as trafficking routes have become shorter, more diverse and borders more easily crossed. This time the INTERPOL committee will discuss on tackling the growing heroin trade.

African Union (AU)

Topic: Impacts of China’s ‘One Belt One Road’ strategy

Council OverviewChina’s ‘One Belt One Road’ Initiative involving 53 African countries works on the building of a China-Africa community with a shared future and an action plan for the next three years. Despite the results are promoting China-Africa relations, deepening collaboration and building a China-Africa community with a shared future, are China’s hands reaching too far with their economic plans? With the African countries joining hands with China, does that mean that the African nations will still have autonomy within their own districts as they are now hugely relying on the economic impacts of China? Many questions are yet to be raised and answered as the impacts of China’s initiative have yet to shown. The Asia Youth International Model United Nation 2019 will bring this topic to the table as the committee will discuss “Impacts of China’s ‘One Belt One Road’ Initiative”.

United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD)

Topic:The impact of Brexit on free trade deals for developing countries

Council Overview: As time approaches for the United Kingdom to officially leave the European Union and the United Kingdom’s Prime Minister Theresa May does not seem to provide an adequate plan for the UK’s future, at least 60% of the UK trade is still exposed to the shock of what will might be happening. Although some countries show their willingness to help United Kingdom to be on their feet following their hard Brexit votes, trading for the UN in the national and international level’s prospect seems blurred. The Asia Youth International Model United Nation 2019 will bring this topic to the table as the committee will discuss “The Impact of Brexit on Free Trade Deals”.

United Nations Trust Fund for Human Security (UNTFHS)

Topic: Human security though inclusive socioeconomic development

Council Overview: Inequity of human well being for every nation has effect on economic growth which create threat on human security. The inclusive socio economic development is also fundamental to healthy, productive societies, and for ensuring that public have access to affordable essential services. UNTFHS committee will concern on the issues. UNTFHS is responsible to finance the activities conducted by the UN organizations in realizing the full potential of the human security approach. Through the financing provided by UNTFHS, these activities are expected to be extended to raise more awareness on the notion of human security. Initiated since 10 September 2012 through the General Assembly’s Resolution 66/290, UNTFHS has worked relentlessly to ensure that the actions taken by the United Nations, Governments and other actors can further be bolstered, to build resilience, prevent crisis, and support people’s aspirations to be free from fear, want, and indignity. UNTFHS opens for any kind of proposal on projects focusing on human security. In Asia Youth International Model United Nation 2019, the committee will focus on how to solve the issues which obstructing inclusive socio economic development and find more possible solution to create equity of human well being.

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC)

Topic: Intervention of non-Islamic countries in internal affairs of Islamic countries

Council OverviewAs the largest Muslim organization that consists of 57 member states, OIC endeavors to safeguard and protect the interests of the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting international peace and harmony among various people of the world. The Permanent Headquarters of the OIC is located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, where the organization’s executive organ, the General Secretariat, directs a broad network of OIC bodies, subsidiary and specialized organs, standing committees, and affiliated institutions. The Organization has consultative and cooperative relations with the UN and other inter-governmental organizations to protect the vital interests of the Muslims and to work for the settlement of conflicts and disputes involving Member States. The Asia Youth International Model United Nations 2019 will bring this topic to the table as the committee will discuss more about intervention of non-Islamic countries in internal affairs of Islamic countries.

World Trade Organization (WTO)

Topic: Public stockholding for food security in developing countries

Council Overview: Since 2013, WTO members have agreed to negotiate and find a permanent solution to the issue of public stockholding programmes for food security purposes. Under these programmes, developing countries purchase and stockpile food, and distribute it to people in need. However, some of these programmes involve support to farmers and are therefore considered to distort trade. WTO stands within the value of non-discrimination, transparent, and open to ensure a healthy competition in the global trade system that leads to a more prosperous, peaceful and accountable economic world.The Asia Youth International Model United Nations 2019 will bring this topic to the table as the committee will discuss on public stockholding for food security in developing countries.

United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (UNISDR)

Topic: WATER SCARCITY

Council Overview: reshwater is no longer an always available resource. With the increasingly growing global population – global human population has more than doubled since the 1950s from approximately three to six and a half billion people, and is predicted to reach nine billion by 2050. Tensions are at an all time high because most nations in the world rely on overcommitted transboundary and domestic bodies of water. Driving the demand for water, have brought the idea of water scarcity around the globe. The problem of water scarcity resulting from resource overexploitation which also boost by global warming which resulting precipitation pattern, that change the water availability of water quantitatively, temporal, and/or regional basis. UNISDR in The Asia Youth International Model United Nation 2019 will bring this topic to the table as the committee will discuss “Water Scarcity”.